1. AE Operation Mode
CNPEC has developed a unique AE operation mode. With a view to “constructing high-quality, safe and efficient nuclear power projects”, CNPEC focuses on building its core capabilities. Meanwhile, CNPEC follows a market-driven, customer-oriented approach and relies on a total synergy between internal and external organization. In this way, CNPEC is committed to offering its customers an integrated range of NPP solutions that are advanced, safe & secure, highly efficient, cost-effective and of the highest quality possible.
CNPEC adopts matrix management consistent with the idea of “One AE Corporation, a Two-Level Matrix and Three Organizations”. The business divisions at the back office allocate resources and provide matrix operation mode supported for the project management organizations at the front office. This helps maximize resource utilization.
2. Description of Core Capabilities
Design orientation & system integration: With the introduction, assimilation and independent application of leading foreign nuclear power technologies, CNPEC has mastered independent design capability. In consideration of the requirements of domestic laws and regulations, CNPEC has made improvements in design and completed independent innovation, standardization and modularization of design. In this way, CNPEC has developed its own brands represented by the CPR1000.
Industry chain resource integration & collaborative innovation: CNPEC has been developing the technical capacity of industry chain enterprises and improving the industrial technique level. Also CNPEC has been planning to drive technical improvement of major equipment and promoting construction of technological innovation platforms. Through technological innovation across the industry chain driven by the R&D efforts of equipment suppliers, civil engineering contractors and installation contractors, CNPEC has built a nuclear power engineering "ecosphere".
Fine management of projects & operation of programs: Through fine management that enables refined management, precise progress measurement, intensified equipment allocation and collaborative project operation, CNPEC is able to maintain effective control over projects, and run multiple large, complex projects efficiently and simultaneously.
CNPEC has launched a series of efforts to improve its technological innovation capability and core competitiveness, including standardized, large-scale construction of the nuclear power projects of CGN’s self-developed brand CPR1000, active engagement with the introduction, and assimilation of Generation III nuclear power technologies EPR and AP1000, the development of ACPR1000+ with proprietary intellectual property rights, creation of HPR1000 through technology fusion, and so on.
CNPEC is committed to scientific and technological innovation and investment in order to lead its sustainable development. The ACPR1000 solution with independent intellectual property rights has been developed and successfully applied in Yangjiang Project units 5 & 6 and Hongyanhe Project units 5 & 6. The technology fusion solution "HPR1000” has been completed. And CNPEC has deepened its efforts in the R&D and promotion of key nuclear power technologies and completed a number of technological innovations, including primary coolant pipeline auto-welding, self-compacting concrete pouring, modularization, etc. With a focus on building a scientific and technological innovation system, CNPEC has developed engineering technologies and model products that keep up with the development trends of the world’s nuclear power technology. CNPEC emphasizes the feedback and accumulation of experience from a large number of engineering practices, and has strengthened assimilation and re-innovation of leading technologies and manufacturing processes. This way, CNPEC aims to provide better services for its customers.
1. Application, assimilation and R&D of technical routes
CPR1000 technology: By reference to Daya Bay and Ling’ao Phase I projects, through a process of introduction, assimilation and re-innovation, CNPEC has developed the CPR1000, China’s improved PWR nuclear power technology which is safe and reliable, highly cost-effective and can be put into independent batch construction. Ling’ao NPP Phase II constructed using this technology has been put into commercial operation in 2011. Its unit 1 has completed the first fuel cycle without shutdown and achieved 301 days of safe continuous operation, and unit 2 has been operating smoothly since it was put into operation in August, 2011. Hongyanhe NPP Units 1-4, Ningde NPP Units 1-4, Yangjiang NPP Units 1-3, Fangchenggang NPP Units 1 & 2 were also constructed with this technology solution.
ACPR1000 technology: On the basis of continuous improvement of the CPR1000 technology, through integrated innovation research, CNPEC has developed its own brand, the ACPR1000 series of 1 GW nuclear power technology, in order to adapt to and meet the market needs. This solution has achieved the level of safety required by HAF102 and meets the quantitative CDF/LRF safety goals required in the nuclear safety program. It possesses the main technical characteristics of the Generation III technology. With lessons learnt from Fukushima Nuclear Disaster, it has enhanced units’ability to react to similar beyond design basis events.
ACPR1000+ technology: ACPR1000+ is a Generation III nuclear power brand with independent intellectual property rights which CGN intends to design and develop. Cost-effective with excellent safety performance, ACPR1000+ is able to meet multiple needs of customers at home and abroad. The main features include: 60-year design life, single-reactor arrangement, dual-layer containment, core damage frequency of less than 1 x 10-5 / reactor-year and availability of prevention and mitigation measures against serious accidents, etc. In terms of safety, it is characterized by high seismic grade, strong ability to withstand external disasters, more optimized safety system configuration, etc.
Introduction and assimilation of the EPR and AP1000 technologies: Based on Taishan EPR Project, CNPEC has introduced the Generation III large-PWR nuclear power technology from France. Through full participation in the design, construction and commissioning of Taishan units 1 & 2, CNPEC has assimilated the EPR technology and developed its general contracting capacity for independently constructing EPR Generation III nuclear power projects. CNPEC is also able to undertake the construction of subsequent EPR nuclear power projects and re-innovate to independently develop the ACPR1000 nuclear power technology. CNPEC has been actively involved in the introduction of the AP1000 Generation III nuclear power technology from America and developed its general design capability for AP1000 nuclear power projects.
HPR1000: HPR1000 was jointly developed by CGN and CNNC. It is mainly characterized by "a core with 177 fuel assemblies" and "three physically isolated safety trains". It uses single reactor arrangement and a dual-layer containment system. The technology strikes a balance between safety and cost-effectiveness, integrates advancement and maturity and is a combination of dynamic and non-dynamic technologies. HPR1000 is based upon the experience and expertise and talent advantages accumulated during nearly 30 years of NPP design, construction and operation in China. It starts from the top-level design and relies on the mature system and capability of China’s nuclear power equipment manufacturing industry. It has achieved integrated innovation by using proven safety technology and has been created with completely independent intellectual property rights. With a localization rate of not less than 85%, HPR1000 equipment is one of the most highly accepted Generation III NPP models in the current nuclear power market. It passed national authoritative review in August 2014 and was implemented in Fangchenggang Project Phase II in December 2015.
2. Constantly improving science & technology R&D system
CNPEC attaches great importance to R&D in science and technology, and has now established a sound science and technology R&D system, which is integrated into the national scientific and technological innovation system. CNPEC has driven the construction of the national technology research and development (experiment) center for energy and nuclear power engineering construction, a state-level scientific research platform. CNPEC has built a "government-industry-university-research-user”collaborative innovation platform across the industrial chain in order to promote the independence and technology upgrading of nuclear power equipment. So far, CNPEC has more than 20 state-level research projects approved, including the national technology research and development center for energy and nuclear power engineering construction, special demonstration project for nuclear power engineering construction, major special project for large-scale advanced PWRs, etc. Also CNPEC has undertaken more than 30 research tasks of CGN and has independently carried out more than 200 scientific research tasks.
With the increase of its input in scientific and technological innovation, CNPEC has seen a jump in the number of intellectual property rights it has declared. CNPEC has undertaken over 30 research projects including the national major special project for nuclear power engineering, the NEA engineering demonstration project, the 863 Program of the Ministry of Science and Technology, the National Sci-Tech Support Plan, the Guangdong Industry-University-Research Cooperation project, etc. CNPEC has conducted an accumulative total of 444 national and industry standard tasks, has 788 intellectual property rights of all kinds applied for and protected, and has received 65 provincial and ministry-level awards. CNPEC has now established and effectively operated a complete system of corporate technical standards. Nearly 200 of the standards have been extracted from CNPEC’s experience in constructing nuclear power projects over the years. The application of these standards has laid a solid foundation for guaranteeing the quality of nuclear power engineering construction, and brought about great economic and social benefits.
Also CNPEC is an active participator in and contributor to the development of China’s national and industry standards.